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Influence of gum arabic coating enriched with calcium chloride on physiological, biochemical and quality responses of mango (Mangifera indica L.) fruit stored under low temperature stress


Citation

Khaliq, Ghulam and Tengku Muda Mohamed, Mahmud and Mohd Ghazali, Hasanah and Ding, Phebe and Ali, Asgar (2016) Influence of gum arabic coating enriched with calcium chloride on physiological, biochemical and quality responses of mango (Mangifera indica L.) fruit stored under low temperature stress. Postharvest Biology and Technology, 111. pp. 362-369. ISSN 0925-5214; ESSN: 1873-2356

Abstract / Synopsis

Effects of gum arabic (GA) 10% and calcium chloride (CA) 3% on the physiological, biochemical and quality responses of mango (Mangifera indica L. cv. Choke Anan) fruit were investigated. Fruit were stored at 6 °C and 90% relative humidity for 28 d and then transferred to 25 °C for an additional 5 d shelf life. Significant (P ≤ 0.05) differences were observed in fruit treated with CA 3% and GA 10% as compared to the control. The combined treatment of CA 3% and GA 10%, significantly alleviated chilling injury, malondialdehyde (MDA) content and electrolyte leakage than the control fruit. This treatment reduced the increase in hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) content, superoxide anion (O2 −) production rate and enhanced DPPH radical scavenging activity. Furthermore, GA 10% alone or in combination with CA 3% effectively inhibited the loss of total phenolic content and ascorbic acid. The result of transmission electron microscopy confirmed that treated fruit maintained cell membrane integrity. These results suggest that application of GA 10% coating combined with CA 3% might be enhanced low temperature tolerance by improving the antioxidant defense system and reducing oxidative damage of mango fruit.


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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Subject: Mango; Gum arabic; Calcium chloride; Low temperature; Oxidative stress; Antioxidant
Divisions: Faculty of Agriculture
Faculty of Food Science and Technology
Institute of Tropical Agriculture
DOI Number: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.postharvbio.2015.09.029
Publisher: Elsevier
Depositing User: Nurul Ainie Mokhtar
Date Deposited: 29 Mar 2018 15:26
Last Modified: 29 Mar 2018 15:26
Altmetrics: http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.1016/j.postharvbio.2015.09.029
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/54561
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