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Flower ontogenesis and fruit development of Synsepalum dulcificum


Chen, Xingwei and Abdullah, Thohirah Lee and Taheri, Sima and Abdullah, Nur Ashikin Psyquay and Hassan, Siti Aishah (2016) Flower ontogenesis and fruit development of Synsepalum dulcificum. HortScience, 51 (6). pp. 697-702. ISSN 0018-5345; ESSN: 2327-9834


Synsepalum dulcificum from the family Sapotaceae is known as miracle fruit and is a valuable horticultural species. All plant parts are of medicinal importance whereas the fruit known as magic berry, miracle berry, or sweet berry is consumed fresh. Surprisingly, very little is known on the species in terms of flower morphology and flower development. In this study, an observation on the flower morphology and flower development of miracle fruit has been made with the aid of microscopic techniques. Miracle fruit flower requires 100 days to develop from reproductive meristem to full anthesis. The flower development can be divided into six stages based on the size and appearance of the flower bud. The fruit with persistent style developed and ripened 90 days after anthesis. Heavy fruit drop was observed at 40–60 days after anthesis which contributed to the final fruit set of average of 5.06% per plant. Through this study, miracle fruit is strongly insect pollinated and prevents self-fertilization. A study on pollination ecology is needed to identify the pollinator for miracle fruit, as this is important in manipulating fruit loading in the future.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Subject: Synsepalum dulcificum; Miracle fruit; Ontogenesis; Flower morphology
Divisions: Faculty of Agriculture
Faculty of Agriculture and Food Sciences
Publisher: American Society for Horticultural Science
Depositing User: Nurul Ainie Mokhtar
Date Deposited: 13 Mar 2018 08:47
Last Modified: 13 Mar 2018 08:47
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/54332
Statistic Details: View Download Statistic

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