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Superheated steam treatment of oil palm mesocarp fiber improved the properties of fiber-polypropylene biocomposite


Citation

Ahamad Nordin, Noor Ida Amalina and Ariffin, Hidayah and Hassan, Mohd Ali and Shirai, Yoshihito and Ando, Yoshito and Ibrahim, Nor Azowa and Wan Yunus, Wan Md Zin (2017) Superheated steam treatment of oil palm mesocarp fiber improved the properties of fiber-polypropylene biocomposite. BioResources, 12 (1). pp. 68-81. ISSN 1930-2126

Abstract / Synopsis

The effect of fiber surface modification by superheated steam (SHS) treatment and fiber content (30 to 50 wt.%) was evaluated relative to the mechanical, morphology, thermal, and water absorption properties of oil palm mesocarp fiber (OPMF)/polypropylene (PP) biocomposites. SHS treatment of OPMF was conducted between 190 and 230 C for 1 h, then the SHS-treated fiber was subjected to melt-blending with PP for biocomposite production. The biocomposite prepared from SHS-OPMF treated at 210 C with 30 wt.% fiber loading resulted in SHS-OPMF/PP biocomposites with a tensile strength of 20.5 MPa, 25% higher than untreated-OPMF/PP biocomposites. A significant reduction of water absorption by 31% and an improved thermal stability by 8% at T5%degradation were also recorded. Scanning electron microscopy images of fractured SHS-OPMF/PP biocomposites exhibited less fiber pull-out, indicating that SHS treatment improved interfacial adhesion between fiber and PP. The results demonstrated SHS treatment is an effective surface modification method for biocomposite production.


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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Subject: Superheated steam treatment; Surface modification; Fiber-matrix bond; Biocomposite; Mechanical properties
Divisions: Faculty of Biotechnology and Biomolecular Sciences
Faculty of Science
Institute of Tropical Forestry and Forest Products
Publisher: North Carolina State University
Depositing User: Nurul Ainie Mokhtar
Date Deposited: 22 Feb 2018 00:45
Last Modified: 22 Feb 2018 00:45
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/53935
Statistic Details: View Download Statistic

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