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Prospects using carbohydrates a ssupplemented-diests and protein rich mixture as alrenative-diet to improve the quality of venom produced by Apis cerana L.


Citation

Abusabbah, Mohammed and Lau, Wei Hong and Mahmoud, Mohammed E. E. and Salih, Ashraf M. and Omar, Dzolkhifli (2016) Prospects using carbohydrates a ssupplemented-diests and protein rich mixture as alrenative-diet to improve the quality of venom produced by Apis cerana L. Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies, 4 (3 ). pp. 23-26. ISSN 2349-6800; ESSN: 2320-7078

Abstract / Synopsis

In this study, an attemptrnto assess the effect of carbohydrate supplants and protein rich mixture was studied. Honeybees were fedrnon glucose, fructose and maltose for two monthsrnto guarantee feeding of the new generation on the new introduced diet, besides,rnbees were artificially fed on sugar (sucrose in water 1:1) and protein richrnmixture consisting of soybean flour, dried yeast and dry skim milk, withrndifferent portions. Control group of bees was naturally fed of pollens grain,rnfor comparison purposes. Thernresults showed that among the supplemented-carbohydrate diets to the beehives,rnmaltose sugar was found to be the best quality of bee venom, which gave thernhighest concentration of melittin, phospholipase A2 and apamin ofrn535.21±17.73, 374.49±18.94 and 130.36±12.05 µg/µl respectively. The comparisonrnof the alternative diets revealed that the protein rich mixture is better thanrnsucrose diet. While, no significant difference in comparison with the naturalrnpollen grains diet for yielding venom with high quality, and the venom majorrncomponent concentrations were 585.67±12.89, 439.48±63.64 and 120.61±9.01 µg/µlrnfor melittin, phospholipase A2 and apamin, respectively.


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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Agriculture
Publisher: AkiNik Publications
Keywords: Honey bee; Bee venom; Melittin; Phospholipase A2; Apamin
Depositing User: Nurul Ainie Mokhtar
Date Deposited: 04 Jan 2018 17:59
Last Modified: 04 Jan 2018 17:59
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/53691
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