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Prevalence and factors associated with mild cognitive impairment on screening in older Malaysians


Kamarolzaman, Khairiah and Ching, Siew Mooi and Tengku Abdul Hamid, Tengku Aizan (2016) Prevalence and factors associated with mild cognitive impairment on screening in older Malaysians. Dusunen Adam: The Journal of Psychiatry and Neurological Sciences, 29 (4). pp. 298-306. ISSN 1018-8681; ESSN: 1309-5749


Objective: This study was aimed to determine the prevalence and predictors of mild cognitive impairments (MCIs) in Malaysia. Method: This is a cross-sectional community-based study among elderlies aged 60 years and above in the four states of Malaysia - Perak, Kelantan, Selangor and Johor. A multi-stage stratified random sampling method was used for the data collection. Mini Mental State Examination score ?22 was used to diagnosed MCI and analyzed by using multivariate logistic regression. Results: A total of 2112 participants were recruited into this study. Mean age of the participants was 69.2±18.8 years, and 51.4% of them were females. The ethnic distribution was 63.4% Malaysian, 31.4% Chinese, 5.0% Indians, and 0.2% others. The overall prevalence of MCI was 68% (n=1436/2112). In multivariate logistic regression analysis, participant who were older (OR 1.02, 95% CI 1.00-1.04), did not receive formal education (OR 6.85, 95% CI 4.58-10.25), had primary education (OR 2.35 95% CI 1.84-3.00), were lonely (OR 1.18 95% CI 1.05-1.32), and had low level of life satisfaction (OR 1.68 95% CI 1.02-2.67), had significant positive correlations with MCI. Conclusion: MCI is present in seven out of ten elderly Malaysians. Aging population, presence of low education level, loneliness and low life satisfaction level seem to facilitate development of MCI.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine and Health Science
Malaysian Research Institute on Ageing
DOI Number: https://doi.org/10.5350/DAJPN2016290401
Publisher: Yerkure Tanitim ve Yayincilik Hizmetleri A.S.
Keywords: Aging; Cognitive impairment; Dementia; Elderly; Malaysia; Prevalence
Depositing User: Nurul Ainie Mokhtar
Date Deposited: 27 Nov 2017 08:49
Last Modified: 22 Nov 2019 02:08
Altmetrics: http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.5350/DAJPN2016290401
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/53662
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