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Preparation and characterization of Jatropha oil-based Polyurethane as non-aqueous solid polymer electrolyte for electrochemical devices


Mustapa, Siti Rosnah and Aung, Min Min and Ahmad, Azizan and Ahmad, Mansor and Lee, TianKhoon (2016) Preparation and characterization of Jatropha oil-based Polyurethane as non-aqueous solid polymer electrolyte for electrochemical devices. Electrochimica Acta, 222. pp. 293-302. ISSN 0013-4686; ESSN: 1873-3859


Jatropha-oil based polyurethane is one of the initiative for replacing conventional petroleum based polyurethane. The vegetable oil-based polyurethane is more cost-effective and synthesize from renewable resources. Polyurethane was synthesized through prepolymerization method between jatropha oil-based polyol and diphenylmethane 4, 4’diisocyanate, (MDI) in inert condition. Then, lithium perchloride ion (LiClO4) was added to the polyurethane system to form electrolyte film via solution casting technique. The polymer electrolytes were prepared by varying the amount of LiClO4 ion 10 wt.% to 30 wt. %. The highest conductivity is achieved at 25 wt.% of LiClO4 salt content, which is 1.29 × 10−4 S/cm at room temperature 30 °C. The FTIR results showed the shifting of carbonyl group (CO) (1750 cm−1– 1730 cm−1), ether and ester group (C-O-C) (1300 cm−1–1000 cm−1) and amine functional groups (N-H) (1650 cm−1–1500 cm−1) in polyurethane electrolytes from the blank polyurethane shows that oxygen and nitrogen atom acts as electron donor in the electrolytes system. It also confirmed that the intermolecular reaction had occurred in the electrolytes system. While, the XRD analysis showed the semi-crystalline properties of polyurethane have been reduced to amorphous phase upon the increasing addition of lithium ion. SEM results revealed the morphology analysis of the polyurethane electrolytes. There is homogenous and smooth surface in polyurethane and the dissociation of salt was observed after the addition of salt indicates there was interaction between salt and the polymer host.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Science
Institute of Tropical Forestry and Forest Products
DOI Number: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.electacta.2016.10.173
Publisher: Elsevier
Keywords: Jatropha oil-based polyurethane; Polyol; Solid polymer electrolyte; Ionic conductivity
Depositing User: Nurul Ainie Mokhtar
Date Deposited: 23 Nov 2017 05:39
Last Modified: 23 Nov 2017 05:39
Altmetrics: http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.1016/j.electacta.2016.10.173
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/53653
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