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Prediction of quality attributes and ripeness classification of bananas using optical properties


Adebayo, Segun Emmanuel and Hashim, Norhashila and Abdan, Khalina and Hanafi, Marsyita and Mollazade, Kaveh (2016) Prediction of quality attributes and ripeness classification of bananas using optical properties. Scientia Horticulturae, 212. pp. 171-182. ISSN 0304-4238


Consumers consider the ripeness of fruit as a very important factor in making a choice at the time of purchase. Ripeness in fruit generally affects the eating quality and market price of fruit. This study investigated the potential of using the optical properties of banana such as absorption, reduced scattering and effective attenuation coefficients extracted from backscattered images captured at five different wavelengths of 532, 660, 785, 830, and 1060 nm for predicting the quality attributes of the fruits. It was observed that there was a very strong correlation between the optical properties investigated and the banana ripening stages at wavelengths 532, 660 and 785 nm. Absorption and effective attenuation coefficients showed a negative correlation with ripening stages while the reduced scattering coefficient exhibited a positive correlation with ripening stages. Prediction and classification models were developed using an artificial neural network to build both prediction and classification models. The visible wavelength region of 532, 660 and 785 nm gave the highest correlation coefficient (R) range of 0.9768–0.9807 for chlorophyll prediction and 0.9553–0.9759 for elasticity prediction, while the near infrared region of 830 and 1060 nm gave an R range of 0.9640–0.9801 for prediction of the soluble solids content (SSC) when the absorption and reduced scattering coefficients were used. For the classification of banana into ripening stages 2–7, the visible wavelength region gave the highest classification accuracy of 97.53%. This study has shown that the optical properties of banana can be employed for non-destructive prediction and classification of banana into different ripening stages.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
DOI Number: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scienta.2016.09.045
Publisher: Elsevier
Keywords: Absorption; Light-tissue interaction; Non-invasive test; Scattering
Depositing User: Nurul Ainie Mokhtar
Date Deposited: 20 Nov 2017 09:53
Last Modified: 20 Nov 2017 09:53
Altmetrics: http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.1016/j.scienta.2016.09.045
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/53636
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