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Morphological traits alteration of mutant common turf grass (Cynodon dactylon) induced by gamma ray irradiation


Citation

Baharun Azahar, Mohd Abdul Halim and Juraimi, Abdul Shukor and Yusof, Mohd Rafii and Harun, Abdul Rahim and Md Kamaluddin and Alam, Md Amirul (2016) Morphological traits alteration of mutant common turf grass (Cynodon dactylon) induced by gamma ray irradiation. Research Journal of BioTechnology, 11 (12). pp. 93-105. ISSN 0973-6263; ESSN: 2278-4535

Abstract / Synopsis

The experiment was conducted to study Cynodon dactylon morphological improvement and breeding by induced mutation using gamma ray irradiation at Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM) and Malaysian Institute of Nuclear Technology Research (MINT) center. C. dactylon is a widely used turf in Malaysia especially for golf course and football field. However, its coarse leaf texture and long internodes are undesirable for good quality golf field. In this purpose mutagenesis by gamma ray irradiation was employed using 0, 20, 40, 60, 80, 100, 120 and 140 Gy to treat 30 single node stolons per treatment. Dosages of 90 Gy were determined as LD50 for the radio sensitivity test. Survival rate of C. dactylon stolon was greatly reduced when irradiated with higher dosages. This experiment was repeated using LD50 on 1500 single node stolons. Twenty two (22) morphological mutants were identified and evaluated. Most mutants were semi-dwarf type with reduced internode length and leaf blade length. The altered morphological traits were stable after third cutting back (M1V3) shown by their morphological performance. Mutation breeding is effective in improving C. dactylon when easily recognized cultivars are needed.


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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Institute of Tropical Agriculture
Publisher: World Research Journals
Keywords: Gamma ray irradiation; MMutagenesis; Semidwarf, Cynodon dactylon
Depositing User: Nurul Ainie Mokhtar
Date Deposited: 13 Oct 2017 17:57
Last Modified: 13 Oct 2017 17:57
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/53337
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