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Yeast infection and diabetes mellitus among pregnant mother in Malaysia


Sopian, Iylia Liyana and Shahabudin, Sa’adiah and Ahmed, Mowaffaq Adam and Than, Leslie Thian Lung and Sandai, Doblin (2016) Yeast infection and diabetes mellitus among pregnant mother in Malaysia. Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences, 23 (1). pp. 27-34. ISSN 1394-195X, ESSN: 2180-4303


Background: Vaginal yeast infection refers to irritation of the vagina due to the presence of opportunistic yeast of the genus Candida (mostly Candida albicans). About 75% of women will have at least one episode of vaginal yeast infection during their lifetime. Several studies have shown that pregnancy and uncontrolled diabetes increase the infection risk. Reproductive hormone fluctuations during pregnancy and elevated glucose levels characteristic of diabetes provide the carbon needed for Candida overgrowth and infection. The goal of this study was to determine the prevalence of vaginal yeast infection among pregnant women with and without diabetes. Methods: This was a case-control study using cases reports from Kepala Batas Health Clinic,Penang State,Malaysia from 2006 to 2012. In total,740 pregnant ladies were chosen as sample of which 370 were diabetic and 370 were non-diabetic cases. Results: No relationship between diabetes and the occurrence of vaginal yeast infection in pregnant women was detected, and there was no significant association between infection and age group, race or education level. Conclusion: In conclusion, within radius of this study, vaginal yeast infection can occur randomly in pregnant women.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine and Health Science
Publisher: Penerbit Universiti Sains Malaysia
Keywords: Candida albicans; Pregnancy; Diabetes; Vaginal yeast infection; Healthy people
Depositing User: Ms. Nida Hidayati Ghazali
Date Deposited: 21 Sep 2017 04:41
Last Modified: 21 Sep 2017 04:41
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/53265
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