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The mechanical performance of sugar palm fibres (Ijuk) reinforced phenolic composites


Rashid, Bushra and Leman, Zulkiflle and Jawaid, Mohammad and Ghazali, Mariyam Jameelah and Ishak, Mohamad Ridzwan (2016) The mechanical performance of sugar palm fibres (Ijuk) reinforced phenolic composites. International Journal of Precision Engineering and Manufacturing, 17 (8). pp. 1001-1008. ISSN 2234-7593


Sugar palm fibres are one of the natural fibres which have many features and need further study to understand their properties. The aim of this work is to investigate the flexural, compressive and impact properties of sugar palm fibres reinforced phenolic composites. Sugar palm fibres were used as a filler (particle size 150 μm) and with loading of 0, 10, 20, 30, and 40 vol.%. The fibres were treated by sea water and then fabricated into composites by hot press technique. Flexural, compressive, and impact tests were carried out as per ASTM D790, ASTM D695-08a, and ASTM D256 standards, respectively. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) was used to investigate the morphology and the interfacial bonding of the fibres-matrix in composites. The results show that the mechanical properties of the composites improve with the incorporation of fibres. The composite of 30 vol.% particle loading exhibit optimum values which are 32.23 MPa, 61.66 MPa, and 4.12 kJ/m2 for flexural, compressive, and impact strength, respectively. This was because good compatibility of fibre-matrix bonding. Consequently, sugar palm fibre is one of the prospective fibres and could be used as a potential resource to reinforcement polymer composite.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
Institute of Tropical Forestry and Forest Products
DOI Number: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12541-016-0122-9
Publisher: Korean Society of Precision Engineering
Keywords: Composites; Compressive; Flexural; Impact; Phenolic resin; Sugar palm fibres
Depositing User: Ms. Nida Hidayati Ghazali
Date Deposited: 16 Nov 2017 09:33
Last Modified: 16 Nov 2017 09:33
Altmetrics: http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.1007/s12541-016-0122-9
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/53047
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