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The origin and domestication of Aquilaria, an important agarwood-producing genus


Mohamed, Rozi and Lee, Shiou Yih (2016) The origin and domestication of Aquilaria, an important agarwood-producing genus. In: Agarwood: Science Behind the Fragrance. Springer, Singapore, pp. 1-20. ISBN 9789811008320; EISBN: 9789811008337


The Aquilaria (Thymelaeaceae) tree is a well-known important agarwood-producing genus, which is endemic to the Indomalesia region. The genus is currently protected under CITES regulation and the IUCN Red List due to its heavy declination in the natural population in various sourcing countries. Derived from its precious non-wood fragrant products, the genus was given different names throughout the history until it was finalized in 1783. To date, there are 21 recognized Aquilaria species recorded, of which 13 are reportedly fragrant resin producers, and the status of the remaining eight Aquilaria species is yet to be investigated. Aquilaria is heavily exploited in the wild due to the destructive agarwood harvesting technique that requires hacking of the wood parts to induce agarwood production. Various conservation efforts have been carried out to avoid further destruction toward its gene pool. This includes introducing the species for cultivation and planting the trees in large plantations or home gardens, which further provide a sustainable agarwood production in the industry and indirectly contribute to the local economy. At present, an accurate classification of Aquilaria species is yet to be achieved; misidentification happens frequently, either genuinely because of lack of information and training or intentionally for business gains. In conclusion, a proper taxonomy and classification system are essential for conserving Aquilaria species genetic diversity and for identifying species origin of agarwood products aimed at international trade control.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Book Section
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine and Health Science
DOI Number: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-10-0833-7_1
Publisher: Springer
Keywords: Home garden; Reproductive part; Angiosperm phylogeny group; Trade control; Young sapling
Depositing User: Azhar Abdul Rahman
Date Deposited: 13 Nov 2019 01:06
Last Modified: 13 Nov 2019 01:06
Altmetrics: http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.1007/978-981-10-0833-7_1
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/52843
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