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Rainfall trends in the Niger-South Basin, Nigeria, 1948-2008


Oloruntade, Ajayi Johnson and Mohammad, Thamer Ahmad and Wayayok, Aimrun (2017) Rainfall trends in the Niger-South Basin, Nigeria, 1948-2008. Pertanika Journal of Science & Technology, 25 (2). pp. 479-496. ISSN 0128-7680; ESSN: 2231-8526


Understanding rainfall trend can be a first step in the planning and management of water resources especially at the basin scale. In this study, standard tests are used to examine rainfall trends based on monthly, seasonal and mean annual series at the Niger-South Basin, Nigeria, between 1948 and 2008. Rainfall variability index showed that the decade 2000s was the driest (-2.1), while 1950s was the wettest (+0.8), with the decade 1980s being the driest in the second half of the last century, whereas the year 1983 was the driest throughout the series. Over the entire basin, rainfall variability was generally low, but higher intra-monthly than inter-annually. Annual rainfall was dominated by August, contributing about 15%, while December contributed the least (0.7%). On a seasonal scale, July-August-September (JJA) contributed over 40% of the annual rainfall, while rainfall was lowest during December-January- February (DJF) (4.5%). The entire basin displayed negative trends but only 15% indicated significant changes (a<0.1), while the magnitudes of change varied between -3.75 and -0.25 mm/yr. Similarly, only JJA exhibited insignificant upward trend, while the rest showed negative trends. About eight months of the year showed reducing trends, but only January trend was significant. Annual downward trend was generally observed in the series. The trend during 1948-1977 was negative, but it was positive for the 1978-2008 period. Hence, water resources management planning may require construction of water storage facilities to reduce summer flooding and prevent possible future water scarcity in the basin.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
Publisher: Universiti Putra Malaysia Press
Keywords: Rainfall; Trend analysis; Statistical tests; Variability index; Niger-South Basin
Depositing User: Nabilah Mustapa
Date Deposited: 06 Jun 2017 10:32
Last Modified: 08 Jun 2017 02:51
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/52519
Statistic Details: View Download Statistic

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