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Dielectric properties of Zr doped CaCu3Ti4O12 synthesized by sol-gel route


Jesurani, Sinnappan and Kanagesan, Samikannu and Hashim, Mansor and Ismail, Ismayadi (2013) Dielectric properties of Zr doped CaCu3Ti4O12 synthesized by sol-gel route. Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 551. pp. 456-462. ISSN 0925-8388; ESSN: 1873-4669


Zr substituted CaCu3Ti4−xZrxO12 (CCTZO) with x = 0.00, 0.02, 0.10, 0.20 and 0.50 mol% were prepared by sol–gel route from the metal nitrate solutions, Titanium isoproxide, and zirconium oxy chloride. XRD analysis confirmed the formation of a single phase material in the samples calcinated at 800 °C for 3 h. The crystal structure did not change on doping with zirconium and it remained cubic in all the four studied compositions. The permittivity and dielectric loss of 0.1 mol% Zr doped CaCu3Ti4O12 were improved for K ≈ 6020 and tan δ ≈ 0.52 at 1 kHz after the sample had been sintered at 1040 °C for 4 h. AFM studies showed that the particle size of the CCTZO powder ranged from 47 to 85 nm. FE-SEM micrographs of the CaCu3Ti4−xZrxO12 samples showed that the grain size was in the range of 250 nm to 5 μm for these samples. EDX studies showed the presence of calcium, copper, titanium, oxygen and zirconium. Remarkably, the dielectric constant increased and dielectric loss had lower values compared to the undoped CCTO.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Science
Institute of Advanced Technology
DOI Number: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jallcom.2012.11.043
Publisher: Elsevier
Keywords: Ceramics; Sol–gel; Pseudo-perovskite; Atomic force microscopy; Dielectric properties
Depositing User: Nabilah Mustapa
Date Deposited: 05 Jun 2017 05:04
Last Modified: 05 Jun 2017 05:04
Altmetrics: http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.1016/j.jallcom.2012.11.043
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/52208
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