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Production of cellulase by a wild strain of Chaetomium globosum using delignified oil palm empty-fruit-bunch fibre as substrate


Citation

Md. Shah, Umi Kalsom and Ariff, Arbakariya and Shamsuddin, Zulkifli and Tong, C. C. and Hassan, Mohd Ali and Abdul Karim, Mohamed Ismail (1997) Production of cellulase by a wild strain of Chaetomium globosum using delignified oil palm empty-fruit-bunch fibre as substrate. Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, 47 (5). pp. 590-595. ISSN 0175-7598

Abstract / Synopsis

Studies on the feasibility of using delignified oil palm empty-fruit- bunch (OPEFB) fibres as a substrate for cellulase production by Chaetomium globosum strain 414 were carried out in shake-flask cultures containing different types and concentrations of nitrogen source. Peptone, as nitrogen source, gave maximum production of all the three main components of the cellulase complex (endoglucanase or carboxymethylcellulase, cellobiohydrolase or filter-paper-hydrolysing enzyme and β-glucosidase), followed by yeast extract, urea, KNO3 and (NH4)2SO4. The maximum specific growth rate (μ(max)) of C globosum strain 414 grown in medium containing OPEFB and peptone was 0.038 h-1. In all the fermentations, the fungus was able to produce all the three cellulases with significant amounts of β-glucosidase, except when using (NH4)2SO4 as nitrogen source, where β-glucosidase was not produced. With 6 g/l peptone and 10 g/l delignified OPEFB fibres, the fungus produced maximum concentrations of FPase, carboxymethylcellulase and β-glucosidase: 1.4. 30.8 and 9.8 U/ml, giving productivities of 10, 214 and 24 U l-1 h-1 respectively. The cellulase mixture, partially purified by ammonium sulphate precipitation, was able to hydrolyse delignified OPEFB fibres, converting about 68% of the cellulosies to reducing sugars after 5 days.


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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Universiti Pertanian Malaysia
DOI Number: https://doi.org/10.1007/s002530050978
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
Keywords: Oil palm empty-fruit-bunch fibre; Cellulase production; Chaetomium globosum
Depositing User: Nabilah Mustapa
Date Deposited: 05 May 2017 10:54
Last Modified: 05 May 2017 10:54
Altmetrics: http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.1007/s002530050978
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/52077
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