UPM Institutional Repository

Assessment of water quality index and heavy metal contamination in active and abandoned iron ore mining sites in Pahang, Malaysia


Madzin, Zafira and Mohd Kusin, Faradiella and Mohd Yusof, Fasihah and Muhammad, Siti Nurjaliah (2016) Assessment of water quality index and heavy metal contamination in active and abandoned iron ore mining sites in Pahang, Malaysia. In: International Symposium on Civil and Environmental Engineering 2016 (ISCEE 2016), 5-6 Dec. 2016, Novotel Melaka, Melaka, Malaysia. (pp. 1-9).


The composition of heavy metals in water and surface soils of iron ore mining sites were investigated to evaluate on the potential occurrence of heavy metal contamination. Physico-chemical characteristics of the waters were also investigated to determine the current status of water quality index (WQI) of the sites. Samples of water and surface soils of active mine (Kuala Lipis) and abandoned mine (Bukit Ibam) in Pahang were collected at four locations, respectively. The physico-chemical parameters measured for WQI were pH, dissolved oxygen, biological oxygen demand (BOD), chemical oxygen demand (COD), suspended solids (SS), and ammoniacal nitrogen (AN). The water quality parameters were classified according to the Department of Environment (DOE) water quality classification. The study revealed that most of the sites in Bukit Ibam and Kuala Lipis were categorized as clean to slightly polluted. On the other hand, heavy metal analysis in water showed that aluminium and manganese level in both sites have exceeded the allowable limits for raw and treated water standards by the Ministry of Health. For heavy metal compositions in soils showed most of the heavy metal concentrations were below the recommended guideline values except for lead, arsenic, zinc and copper.

Download File

[img] PDF
Restricted to Repository staff only

Download (218kB)

Additional Metadata

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Divisions: Faculty of Environmental Studies
DOI Number: https://doi.org/10.1051/matecconf/201710305010
Publisher: EDP Sciences
Keywords: Heavy metal contamination; Water quality index; Mining sites; Water quality
Depositing User: Nabilah Mustapa
Date Deposited: 05 May 2017 02:32
Last Modified: 05 May 2017 02:32
Altmetrics: http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.1051/matecconf/201710305010
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/52047
Statistic Details: View Download Statistic

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item