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Empirical modelling of the effect of airflow on oven temperature control in cake baking


Citation

Mohamad Shahapuzi, Nur Syafikah and Taip, Farah Saleena and Ab. Aziz, Norashikin and Ahmedov, Anvarjon (2015) Empirical modelling of the effect of airflow on oven temperature control in cake baking. Journal of Engineering Science, 11. pp. 49-58. ISSN 1823-3430; ESSN: 2180-4214

Abstract

Understanding the dynamic behaviour of oven temperature is important to ensure proper temperature control during baking. This paper presents the development of an empirical model for the cake baking process with airflow. Increasing the airflow velocity to 100% and the baking temperature by 10°C reduced the temperature overshoot by 75%–86% at the oven centre. The resulting moisture contents of the cakes exhibited 8% differences or less. Empirical models were developed by applying step changes in the baking temperature and airflow velocity and can be represented by second-order-plus-time-delay (SOPTD). The response to changes in airflow was 61% faster compared to changes in baking temperature, which indicated that airflow is more significant in influencing convection heat transfer during baking.


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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
Publisher: Penerbit Universiti Sains Malaysia
Keywords: Cake baking; Airflow effect; Empirical modelling; Oven temperature control; Temperature dynamic behaviour
Depositing User: Nabilah Mustapa
Date Deposited: 05 May 2017 02:32
Last Modified: 05 May 2017 02:32
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/52043
Statistic Details: View Download Statistic

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