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Decolorisation of crude palm oil by acid-activated spent bleaching earth


Low, Kun She and Lee, Chnoong Kheng and Kong, Lee Yong (1998) Decolorisation of crude palm oil by acid-activated spent bleaching earth. Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology, 72 (1). pp. 67-73. ISSN 0268-2575; ESSN: 1097-4660


Regeneration of spent bleaching earth by acid activation and heat treatment has been investigated. Spent bleaching earth was activated by H2SO4 of various concentrations (1–40%) and heat treated at 120°C–350°C. The experimental results indicate that treatment of spent bleaching earth with 10% H2SO4 at 350°C produced a material which was most effective in removing coloured pigments from crude palm oil. Subsequent experiments were conducted using this particular acid-treated spent bleaching earth. Various parameters which affect the sorption process were studied. They include initial crude palm oil concentration, sorbent dosage and temperature. Applicability of both the Freundlich and Langmuir isotherms to the acid-treated spent bleaching earth–palm oil hexane miscella system indicates that both physiosorption and chemisorption were involved in the sorption process. Measurements of various quality parameters of bleached and crude palm oils were carried out. They include Lovibond Colour index, carotene content, peroxide value, free fatty acid, fatty acid composition and iodine value. The results show that the bleached palm oil retained good oil quality after the decolorisation process using 10% acid-treated spent bleaching earth with a Lovibond Colour of 6·4.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Environmental Studies
DOI Number: https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1097-4660(199805)72:1<67::AID-JCTB881>3.0.CO;2-N
Publisher: Society of Chemical Industry
Keywords: Acid activation; Crude palm oil; Decolorisation; Spent bleaching earth
Depositing User: Nabilah Mustapa
Date Deposited: 05 Sep 2017 09:07
Last Modified: 05 Sep 2017 09:07
Altmetrics: http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.1002/(SICI)1097-4660(199805)72:1<67::AID-JCTB881>3.0.CO;2-N
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/51716
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