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Does environmental degradation influence migration? The case of Malaysia and Asia-Pacific countries


Ow, Wilson Chee Seong and Abdul Hamid, Baharom and Habibullah, Muzafar Shah (2012) Does environmental degradation influence migration? The case of Malaysia and Asia-Pacific countries. In: USM-AUT International Conference (UAIC) 2012, 17-18 Nov. 2012, Bayview Beach Resort, Penang, Malaysia. (pp. 529-537).


The purpose of this study is to determine the significant linkages between migration (both emigration and immigration) and environmental degradation. We employed cross-sectional analysis to investigate the relationship by employing data on immigration and emigration. As for economic condition we employed macro-variables such as environmental degradation (CO2 emission), real income (real Gross Domestic per capita), price level (consumer price index) and distance among the countries. Two different points of time were regressed cross-sectionally, with White standard being employed to remove traces of heterogeneity, albeit, 1990 and 2000. Results clearly indicate that as forecasted, the chosen variables indeed have significant relationship with migration. The results provide some evidence on the important role played by these variables in influencing migration.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Divisions: Faculty of Economics and Management
Publisher: School of Social Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia
Keywords: Malaysia; Immigration; Emigration; Environmental degradation; Income level; Price level; Distance
Depositing User: Nabilah Mustapa
Date Deposited: 04 Apr 2017 03:34
Last Modified: 04 Apr 2017 03:34
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/51361
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