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Vicilin-class globulins and their degradation during cocoa fermentation


Ismail, Amin and Selamat, Jinap and Bakar, Jamilah (1997) Vicilin-class globulins and their degradation during cocoa fermentation. Food Chemistry, 59 (1). pp. 1-5. ISSN 0308-8146

Abstract / Synopsis

Cocoa beans were fermented for 144 h using shallow wooden boxes at ambient temperature. Two major polypeptides were found to consist of the storage protein and an albumin fraction. The storage protein comprises two vicilin fractions with molecular weights of 47.1 and 39.2 kDa, and the albumin fraction has a molecular weight of 21.1 kDa. The degradation of vicilin fractions during the course of fermentation was visually detected by sodium docecyl sulphate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. The albumin fraction was found to be the most resistant to proteolysis during fermentation. At the end of fermentation, the 39.2 kDa polypeptide was completely degraded but the 47.1 kDa polypeptide was still present at low intensity. The protein concentrations of 47.1 and 39.2 kDa polypeptides decreased from 1.74 to 0.03 μg and from 0.93 to 0.02 μg, respectively. The protein concentration of 46 and 46.5 kDa polypeptides increased from 0.06 to 0.34 μg and from 0.03 to 0.23 μg, respectively. This could be due to the result of the degradation products of the 47.1 kDa polypeptide.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Food Science and Biotechnology
DOI Number:
Publisher: Elsevier Science
Keywords: Vicilin-class globulins; Cocoa fermentation; Degradation
Depositing User: Nabilah Mustapa
Date Deposited: 27 Apr 2017 18:08
Last Modified: 27 Apr 2017 18:08
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