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Effect of strength training programs on shoulder and scapular muscle among elite swimmers


Alemi, Behzad and Tengku Kamalden, Tengku Fadilah (2013) Effect of strength training programs on shoulder and scapular muscle among elite swimmers. In: Graduate Research in Education Seminar (GREduc 2013), 1 Dec. 2013, Faculty of Educational Studies, Universiti Putra Malaysia. (pp. 562-565).

Abstract / Synopsis

On previous Olympic Games, swimming was one of the most popular events and it has encouraged improvement in conditioning, technical advances, and the use of sophisticated training equipment, but escalations in the level of competition and training have been allied to a concurrent rise in shoulder damages. Competitive swimmers exercise almost every day and swim on average 12000 meters each day, approximately 16000 times of shoulder rotation. Strength imbalances of the shoulder musculature and shoulder pain are suggestively correlated in swimming athletes and Shoulder instability can lead to pain, impingement, and decreased functioning in overhead athletes. Literatures have tried to examine whether changes occur in shoulder girdle muscle performance and strength by using the appropriate strengthening exercise. This study reviews those previous studies intervention and explains the result of each exercise protocols on rotator cuff muscles. All of previous studies commonly suggested that exercise interventions might encourage the proper posture of swimmers. They are recommending that their program had a protective effect pain but so far few studies have planned a prevention program design specifically for swimmers shoulder that addresses the weaknesses and changed movement pattern of swimmers.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Divisions: Faculty of Educational Studies
Publisher: Faculty of Educational Studies, Universiti Putra Malaysia
Keywords: Strength training programs; Swimmers; Shoulder and scapular muscles
Depositing User: Nabilah Mustapa
Date Deposited: 31 Mar 2017 17:59
Last Modified: 31 Mar 2017 17:59
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