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Estimating evapotranspiration from paddy (Oryza sativa) field under humid tropical condition


Abdullahi, Abubakar Sadiq and Ahmad, Desa and Mohd Soom, Mohd Amin and Mohamed Shariff, Abdul Rashid (2012) Estimating evapotranspiration from paddy (Oryza sativa) field under humid tropical condition. In: International Conference on Agricultural and Food Engineering for Life (Cafei2012), 26-28 Nov. 2012, Palm Garden Hotel, Putrajaya. (pp. 131-140).

Abstract / Synopsis

Realistic estimate of evapotranspiration (ET) is a major factor in agricultural planning and determining crop production potential of a given region. It varies with crop growth stage. An assessment of water loss as evapotranspiration was conducted using field testing of a simplified, sensitive and accurate microlysimeter for ponded paddy field. A constant water level is maintained in the microlysimeter with a Marriott tube system and water losses from the manometer were measured. Daily variations of ET and deep percolation (DP) were determined in Peninsula Malaysia for main (August to December) and off (January to May) season cropping. Measured evapotranspiration values were compared between season and location. The average ET rates of rice growing areas are in the range of 3.3 – 6.2 and 4.6 – 6.5 mm day-1 for main and off season respectively. The relationships between ET and paddy growth period for the entire site had highly significant values with r2 > 83 %, and the DP is between 0.35 and 2.1 mm day-1. The study showed no significant difference in the rate of ET for both seasons and locations. The microlysimeter with the Marriott tube systems measures evapotranspiration on daily or hourly basis and can be fabricated locally.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
Publisher: Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Putra Malaysia
Keywords: Evapotranspiration; Paddy field; Malaysia; Microlysimeter; Deep percolation
Depositing User: Nabilah Mustapa
Date Deposited: 02 Mar 2017 14:11
Last Modified: 02 Mar 2017 14:11
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