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An overview of the oil palm empty fruit bunch (OPEFB) potential as reinforcing fibre in polymer composite for energy absorption applications


Abd Rahman, Mohd Khairul Faizi and Abu Bakar, Shahriman and Abdul Majid, Mohd Shukry and Mohd Tamrin, Shamsul Bahri and Ng, Yee Guan and Basah, Shafriza Nisha and Cheng, Ee Meng and Rojan, Mohd Afendi and Mohamad Razlan, Zuradzman and Wan Ahmad, Wan Khairunizam and Desa, Hazry (2016) An overview of the oil palm empty fruit bunch (OPEFB) potential as reinforcing fibre in polymer composite for energy absorption applications. In: 2nd International Conference on Automotive Innovation and Green Vehicle (AiGEV 2016), 2-3 Aug. 2016, Cyberjaya, Malaysia. (pp. 1-9).


The oil palm empty fruit bunch (OPEFB) natural fibres were comprehensively reviewed to assess their potential as reinforcing materials in polymer composites for energy absorption during low-velocity impact. The typical oil palm wastes include trunks, fronds, kernel shells, and empty fruit bunches. This has a tendency to burden the industry players with disposal difficulties and escalates the operating cost. Thus, there are several initiatives have been employed to convert these wastes into value added products. The objective of this study is to review the potential of oil palm empty fruit bunch (OPEFB) as natural fibre polymer composite reinforcement to absorb the energy during low-velocity impact as another option for value added products. Initially, this paper reviewed the local oil palm waste issues. Previous research works on OPEFB polymer composite, and their mechanical characterization is appraised. Their potential for energy absorption in low-velocity impact application was also elaborated. The review suggests high potential applications of OPEFB as reinforcing materials in composite structures. Furthermore, it is wisely to utilize the oil palm biomass waste into a beneficial composite, hence, promotes the green environment.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine and Health Science
DOI Number: https://doi.org/10.1051/matecconf/20179001064
Publisher: EDP Sciences
Keywords: Oil palm empty fruit bunch (OPEFB); Reinforcing fibre; Polymer composite; Energy absorption
Depositing User: Nabilah Mustapa
Date Deposited: 01 Feb 2017 04:38
Last Modified: 01 Feb 2017 04:38
Altmetrics: http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.1051/matecconf/20179001064
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/50086
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