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Improved method of classification algorithms for crime prediction


Babakura, Abba and Sulaiman, Md. Nasir and Yusuf, Mahmud Ahmad (2014) Improved method of classification algorithms for crime prediction. In: International Symposium on Biometrics and Security Technologies (ISBAST 2014), 26-27 Aug. 2014, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. (pp. 250-255).


The growing availability of information technologies has enabled law enforcement agencies to collect detailed data about various crimes. Classification is the procedure of finding a model (or function) that depicts and distinguishes data classes or notions, with the end goal of having the ability to utilize the model to predict the crime labels. In this research classification is applied to crime dataset to predict the 'crime category' for diverse states of the United States of America (USA). The crime data set utilized within this research is real in nature, it was gathered from socio-economic data from 1990 US census. Law enforcement data from 1990 US LEMAS survey, and from the 1995 FBI UCR. This paper compares two different classification algorithms namely - Naïve Bayesian and Back Propagation (BP) for predicting 'Crime Category' for distinctive states in USA. The result from the analysis demonstrated that Naïve Bayesian calculation out performed BP calculation and attained the accuracy of 90.2207% for group 1 and 94.0822% for group 2. This clearly indicates that Naïve Bayesian calculation is supportive for prediction in diverse states in USA.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Divisions: Faculty of Computer Science and Information Technology
DOI Number: https://doi.org/10.1109/ISBAST.2014.7013130
Publisher: IEEE
Keywords: Algorithms; Crime category; Crime prediction; Feature selection; Pre-processing
Depositing User: Nabilah Mustapa
Date Deposited: 04 Aug 2016 05:17
Last Modified: 04 Aug 2016 05:17
Altmetrics: http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.1109/ISBAST.2014.7013130
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/48204
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