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New methods to assess fecal contamination in beach water quality


Praveena, Sarva Mangala and Kwan, Soo Chen and Syed Ismail, Sharifah Norkhadijah (2015) New methods to assess fecal contamination in beach water quality. In: Environmental Management and Governance: Advances in Coastal and Marine Resources. Coastal Research Library, 8 (pt.1). Springer International Publishing, Heidelberg , pp. 65-81. ISBN 9783319063041; EISBN: 9783319063058

Abstract / Synopsis

The emerging paradigm in assessment of recreational water quality needs a basic information on microbial contamination. Recreational water is susceptible to fecal contamination which may increase in health risk associated with swimming in polluted water. Recreational water quality is monitored for fecal indicator bacteria to help prevent swimming-associated illnesses. This study aims to determine the concentrations of total coliforms and Escherichia coli (E. coli ) in recreational water, Teluk Kemang beach, Port Dickson (Malaysia). This study was also aimed to determine relationship between total coliforms, E. coli and physico-chemical parameters of marine recreational water. Exposure behaviors and perceived health symptoms among beach visitors were also assessed in this study. A total of eight water sampling points were selected randomly taken at 100 m from the wash zone and 20 cm below the water surface along Teluk Kemang beach. Total coliforms and E. coli concentrations were analyzed using membrane filtration technique. Total coliforms concentrations were found between 20 and 1,940 cfu/100 ml. E. coli concentrations were between 0 and 90 cfu/100 ml. Total coliforms and E. coli were the highest at sampling point A and exceeded USEPA (Report of Task Force on guide standard and protocol for testing microbiological water purifiers. USEPA, Washington, DC, pp 1–29, 1986) guideline as it located near sewage out-fall. Significant correlations were found between total coliforms and E. coli with pH, temperature and oxidation reduction potential. Microbiological water quality in Teluk Kemang public beach was generally safe for recreational activities among the public except sampling location near with sewage outfall. Output of this study will act as a crucial model for protection of marine ecosystem health. Moreover, output of this study can be used as a monitoring design tool for other public beaches in Malaysia, as such studies are lacking and have not been reported so far.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Book Section
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine and Health Science
DOI Number:
Publisher: Springer International Publishing
Keywords: Recreational water; Water quality; Escherichia coli (E. coli )
Depositing User: Azhar Abdul Rahman
Date Deposited: 27 Jun 2016 10:53
Last Modified: 27 Jun 2016 10:58
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