UPM Institutional Repository

Remote sensing-based studies coupled with field data reveal urgent solutions to avert the risk of flash floods in the Wadi Qus (east of Jeddah) Kingdom of Saudi Arabia


Citation

Youssef, Ahmed M. and Pradhan, Biswajeet and Sefry, Saleh A. (2015) Remote sensing-based studies coupled with field data reveal urgent solutions to avert the risk of flash floods in the Wadi Qus (east of Jeddah) Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Natural Hazards, 75 (2). pp. 1465-1488. ISSN 0921-030X; ESSN: 1573-0840

Abstract

On November 25, 2009, heavy amount of rainfall precipitated in the city of Jeddah that led to floods causing unexpected loss of life (113 person died), and damaged public and private properties (10,000 cars were damaged/destroyed, and many houses, roads, highways, and industrial properties were also affected). The city of Jeddah is located within an independent mega drainage basin with a surface area of 1,760 km2. This mega basin is divided into three major sub-basins (northern, middle, and southern). Wadi Qus is located in the southern sub-basin with an area of ~63 km2. It passes through many of the neighborhoods such as Al-Harazat, Al-Sawaid, Queza, Al-Mesaid, Al-Haramin Highway, and the King Abdel Aziz University. These areas were severely damaged during the flash flood event in 2009. The current study deals with the determination of the best sites for the construction of flood control dams, followed by a number of detailed studies to ensure that these selected sites are appropriate. Geological, geotechnical, geophysical, and hydrological investigations were conducted to identify the types of rocks, the subsurface conditions, and the geotechnical properties of abutment and subsurface of soil and rock in the dam sites. The study found that there are three locations that can be appropriate for the construction of the flood control dams at Wadi Qus. Hydrological studies indicated that the runoff volumes for sub-basins B1, B2, and B3 are 2,102,709, 1,023,156, and 4,868,304 m3, respectively, for 500-year return period and 2,356,081, 1,149,687, and 5,451,123 m3, respectively, for 1,000-year return period. Comparing these values with the reservoir volumes calculated from the detailed ground survey with different dam’s height, it was found that dam’s heights of 15.5, 11.5, and 13.5 m for dams Q01, Q02, and Q03, respectively, are adequate for different basin volumes for 1,000-year return periods. Finally, the conceptual designs have been prepared and recommended for these dams.


Download File

[img]
Preview
Text (Abstract)
Remote sensing-based studies coupled with field data reveal urgent solutions to avert the risk of flash floods in the Wadi Qus (east of Jeddah) Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.pdf

Download (111kB) | Preview

Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
DOI Number: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11069-014-1383-1
Publisher: Springer
Keywords: Flash floods; Jeddah; Dams; Remote sensing; Hydrological study; GIS
Depositing User: Nida Hidayati Ghazali
Date Deposited: 03 May 2018 01:55
Last Modified: 03 May 2018 01:55
Altmetrics: http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.1007/s11069-014-1383-1
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/46147
Statistic Details: View Download Statistic

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item