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Preparation and characterization of silver nanoparticles-reduced graphene oxide on ITO for immunosensing platform


Citation

Jamil, A. and Lim, Hong Ngee and Yusof, Nor Azah and Ahmad Tajudin, Asilah and Huang, N. M. and Pandikumar, A. and Golsheikh, A. Moradi and Lee, Y. H. and Andou, Y. (2015) Preparation and characterization of silver nanoparticles-reduced graphene oxide on ITO for immunosensing platform. Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical, 221 (8). pp. 1423-1432. ISSN 0925-4005

Abstract

We here report the in-situ electrochemical deposition of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) and a reduced graphene oxide (rGO) nanocomposite on the surface of an indium tin oxide (ITO) electrode. The nanocomposite modified ITO was used as a basic platform for the construction of a novel electrochemical biosensor for the detection of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2); where horseradish peroxidase (HRP) tagged antibodies acted as recognition elements for carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA). The AgNPs-rGO/ITO modified electrode remarkably outperformed a bare electrode because of its enhanced surface area and electrocatalytic activity, resulting in a notably amplified electrical signal for the detection of H2O2. Through a cyclic voltammetric (CV) technique, the detection limit of the sandwich type immunoassay configuration was found to be 214 μM, with a linear range of 25–500 μM, as compared to the non-sandwich system, which was 120 μM with the same linear range. In contrast, the current–time response of the resulting sandwich-type immunoassay configuration showed a wider linear response to H2O2 in the range of 25–1450 μM, with a detection limit of 5.3 μM, while the non-sandwich system exhibited a linear range of 25–1355 μM (R2 = 0.9992), with a detection limit of 10 μM. Therefore, the current–time response provided a more sensitive means of detecting H2O2. The resulting immunosensor also exhibited outstanding stability and reproducibility, as well as selectivity toward H2O2 in the presence of several interferences.


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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Biotechnology and Biomolecular Sciences
Faculty of Science
Institute of Advanced Technology
DOI Number: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.snb.2015.06.156
Publisher: Elsevier
Keywords: Biosensor; ELISA; Graphene; Immunosensor; Silver nanoparticles
Depositing User: Nida Hidayati Ghazali
Date Deposited: 15 May 2018 01:23
Last Modified: 15 May 2018 01:23
Altmetrics: http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.1016/j.snb.2015.06.156
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/45959
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