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Optimization study of binary metal oxides catalyzed transesterification system for biodiesel production


Yap, Taufiq Yun Hin and Lee, Hwei Voon (2015) Optimization study of binary metal oxides catalyzed transesterification system for biodiesel production. Process Safety and Environmental Protection, 94. pp. 430-440. ISSN 1744-3598; ESSN: 0957-5820


The focus of this study is to produce biodiesel using non-edible feedstock (Jatropha curcas oil) via heterogeneous base catalyzed transesterification reaction. The solid base catalysts, binary metal oxide (CaO–ZnO and CaO–La2O3) were selected for the transesterification of high acid jatropha oil. Furthermore, the design of experiments was performed using 5-level-4 factor central composite design coupled with response surface methodology (RSM) in order to optimize the transesterification conditions. Four process factors were evaluated: (1) reaction time (1–5 h), (2) methanol/oil molar ratio (15:1–30:1), (3) reaction temperature (40–200 °C) and (4) catalyst loading (1–5 wt.%). Based on the quadratic model generated from RSM, reaction temperature rendered the most significant effect for both CaO–ZnO and CaO–La2O3 catalyzed reactions, followed by catalyst loading and reaction time. Besides, both reaction models showed that interaction between reaction temperature with reaction time and catalyst loading has positively influenced the biodiesel yield. The highest conversion predicted for CaO–ZnO and CaO–La2O3 catalyzed reactions was 97.03% and 96.27%, respectively, with reasonable predictability and sufficient accuracy data (small error: 0.33–0.34%). Furthermore, the physicochemical characteristics of produced biodiesel were tested with compliance to ASTM D7851 and EN 14124.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Science
DOI Number: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psep.2014.10.001
Publisher: Institution of Chemical Engineers
Keywords: Jatropha curcas oil; Response surface methodology; Catalyst; Optimization; Fuel properties; Transesterification; Mixed metal oxides; Statistical analysis
Depositing User: Ms. Nuraida Ibrahim
Date Deposited: 20 Jan 2021 17:45
Last Modified: 20 Jan 2021 17:45
Altmetrics: http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.1016/j.psep.2014.10.001
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/45708
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