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Low-temperature dilute acid hydrolysis of oil palm frond


Amirkhani, Hadi and Yunus, Robiah and Rashid, Umer and Salleh, Shanti Faridah and Awang Biak, Dayang Radiah and Syam, Syafiie (2015) Low-temperature dilute acid hydrolysis of oil palm frond. Chemical Engineering Communications, 202 (9). pp. 1235-1244. ISSN 0098-6445; ESSN: 1563-5201


Oil palm frond (OPF) fiber, a lignocellulosic waste from the palm oil industry, contains high cellulose and hemicellulose content, thus it is a potential feedstock for simple sugars production. This paper describes the two-stage hydrolysis process focusing on the use of low-temperature dilute acid hydrolysis to convert the hemicellulose in OPF fiber to simple sugars (xylose, arabinose, and glucose). The objective of the present study was to evaluate the effect of operating conditions of dilute sulfuric acid hydrolysis undertaken in a 1 L self-built batch reactor on xylose production from OPF fiber. The reaction conditions were temperatures (100–140°C), acid concentrations (2–6%), and reaction times (30–240 min). The mass ratio of solid/liquid was kept at 1:30. Analysis of the three main sugars glucose, xylose, and arabinose were determined using high-pressure liquid chromatography. The optimum reaction temperature, reaction time, and acid concentration were found to be 120°C, 120 min, and 2% acid, respectively. Based on the potential amount of xylose (10.8 mg/mL), 94% conversion (10.15 mg/mL) was obtained under the optimum conditions with small amount of furfural (0.016 mg/mL). To enhance the effectiveness of dilute acid hydrolysis, the hydrolysis of OPF fiber was also performed using ultrasonic-pretreated OPF fiber. The effects of ultrasonic parameters power (40–80%) and ultrasonication times (20–60 min) were determined on sugar yields under optimum hydrolysis conditions (2% acid sulfuric, 120°C and 120 min). However, the use of ultrasonication was found to have detrimental effect on the yield of simple sugars due to the 10-fold increase in the formation of furfural.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
Institute of Advanced Technology
DOI Number: https://doi.org/10.1080/00986445.2014.918881
Publisher: Taylor and Francis
Keywords: Dilute acid hydrolysis; Lignocelluloses; Oil palm frond (OPF); Optimization; Ultrasound; Xylose
Depositing User: Ms. Nuraida Ibrahim
Date Deposited: 08 Apr 2021 02:40
Last Modified: 08 Apr 2021 02:40
Altmetrics: http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.1080/00986445.2014.918881
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/45369
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