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Characterization of plant nanofiber-reinforced epoxy composites


Ireana Yusra, A. F. and Abdul Khalil, H. P. S. and Hossain, Md. Sohrab and Davoudpour, Yalda and Astimar, A. A. and Zaidon, A. and Ashaari, Zaidon and Dungani, Rudi and Mohd Omar, A. K. (2015) Characterization of plant nanofiber-reinforced epoxy composites. BioResources, 10 (4). pp. 8268-8280. ISSN 1930-2126


In the present study, oil palm empty fruit bunch (OPEFB) fibers were taken from a 25-year-old oil palm tree. The cellulosic nanofiber (CNF) was isolated from the OPEFB using a chemo-mechanical process and utilized as reinforcement in an epoxy matrix. Various CNF loading percentages (0 to 0.75%) were applied in the epoxy matrix to explore the potential of using OPEFB-CNF as reinforcement. The morphological, mechanical, physical, and thermal characteristics of the OPEFB nanofiber-reinforced epoxy composites were evaluated. Results showed that the 0.25% and 0.5% CNF loadings were homogenously distributed and well-dispersed in the composite matrix. Conversely, agglomeration was detected in the matrix with 0.75% CNF loading. Determination of the water absorption behavior of CNF-reinforced epoxy composites at various loadings revealed that the physical properties of the composites increased with reinforcement loading. Furthermore, the analyses of the mechanical and thermal properties of the CNF-reinforced composites revealed that the incorporation of OPEFB-CNF enhanced the mechanical performance and thermal stability up to 0.5% loading.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Forestry
Institute of Tropical Forestry and Forest Products
DOI Number: https://doi.org/10.15376/biores.10.4.8268-8280
Publisher: North Carolina State University, College of Natural Resources
Keywords: Epoxy; Plant fiber; Nanofiber; Nanocomposite; Mechanical properties; Thermal properties
Depositing User: Ms. Ainur Aqidah Hamzah
Date Deposited: 06 Feb 2022 07:04
Last Modified: 06 Feb 2022 07:04
Altmetrics: http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/44042
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