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Availability and utilization of pigments from microalgae


Begum, Hasina and Md. Yusoff, Fatimah and Banerjee, Sanjoy and Khatoon, Helena and Mohamed Din, Mohamed Shariff (2016) Availability and utilization of pigments from microalgae. Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition, 56. pp. 2209-2222. ISSN 1040-8398


Microalgae are the major photosynthesizers on earth and produce important pigments that include chlorophyll a, b and c, β-carotene, astaxanthin, xanthophylls, and phycobiliproteins. Presently, synthetic colorants are used in food, cosmetic, nutraceutical, and pharmaceutical industries. However, due to problems associated with the harmful effects of synthetic colorants, exploitation of microalgal pigments as a source of natural colors becomes an attractive option. There are various factors such as nutrient availability, salinity, pH, temperature, light wavelength, and light intensity that affect pigment production in microalgae. This paper reviews the availability and characteristics of microalgal pigments, factors affecting pigment production, and the application of pigments produced from microalgae. The potential of microalgal pigments as a source of natural colors is enormous as an alternative to synthetic coloring agents, which has limited applications due to regulatory practice for health reasons.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Agriculture
Institute of Bioscience
DOI Number: https://doi.org/10.1080/10408398.2013.764841
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Keywords: Microalgae; Astaxanthin; Carotenoid; Chlorophyll; Phycobiliproteins; Pigments
Depositing User: Mohd Hafiz Che Mahasan
Date Deposited: 27 Oct 2016 09:15
Last Modified: 27 Oct 2016 09:15
Altmetrics: http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.1080/10408398.2013.764841
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/43903
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