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International students' university preferences: how different are Malaysian and Chinese students?


Kamal Basha, Norazlyn and Sweeney, Jillian C. and Soutar, Geoffrey N. (2016) International students' university preferences: how different are Malaysian and Chinese students? International Journal of Educational Management, 30 (2). pp. 197-210. ISSN 0951-354X; ESSN: 1758-6518


Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to determine factors that influenced international university preference, looking at country of origin (COO), that is the COO of the course and program modes (PMs). This study specifically focusses on differences in perceptions across students from Malaysia and China. Design/methodology/approach: Conjoint analysis was used to examine the relative importances and part-worth scores of these attributes on international university preferences. Findings: PM and country of design (COD) had a major influence on Malaysian and Chinese students’ preferences for international universities. Online distance learning was the least preferred option, while offshore campuses were more acceptable to Malaysian students compared to Chinese students. Malaysian students preferred to study in the UK, while Chinese students favored Australia. Malaysian students were also found to be more cost sensitive compared to Chinese students, while the latter were more motivated by job prospects offered by an institution. Research limitations/implications: Limitations include the specific sample, pre-university students only from developed countries (Malaysia and China), which limits the generalizability to students from other countries. Practical implications: This study offers insights in the effect of COD and PM on students’ preferences for international universities, as well as other previously studied university-level attributes in a higher education setting. With a better understanding of factors affecting these preferences, higher educational institutions are better placed to implement a suitable marketing strategy to attract more international students. Originality/value: This study examines the impact COD, Delivery Mode (DM) and other university level attributes have on Malaysian and Chinese pre-university students' preferences for international universities. COD and DM were found to be extremely important factors that dominated the students' preferences. The study highlights the need to focus on different university attributes in different markets and to consider COD and DM issues in order to gain a larger market share of international students.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Economics and Management
DOI Number: https://doi.org/10.1108/IJEM-08-2014-0122
Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing
Keywords: Country of design; Delivery mode; Higher education marketing; International students; Online distance learning
Depositing User: Nabilah Mustapa
Date Deposited: 19 May 2016 02:09
Last Modified: 19 May 2016 02:09
Altmetrics: http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.1108/IJEM-08-2014-0122
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/43400
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