UPM Institutional Repository

Anaesthesia of the Malayan sun bears (Helarctos malayanus) using tiletamine-zolazepam-xylazine combination


Che Amat, Azlan and Arshad, Siti Suri and Hassan, Latiffah and Bahaman, Abdul Rani and Mat Naim, R. (2010) Anaesthesia of the Malayan sun bears (Helarctos malayanus) using tiletamine-zolazepam-xylazine combination. Jurnal Veterinar Malaysia, 22 (1 & 2). pp. 19-22. ISSN 9128-2506


Eight Malayan sun bears (Helarctos malayanus) were immobilised with Zoletil® (x = 3.44 mg/kg) and xylazine (x = 0.65 mg/kg). The sun bears were darted intramuscularly by using a blow pipe at muscular areas such as the rump and shoulder regions. Psychological data were recorded every 10 min throughout the immobilisation period. No antagonist drug was used. The drug combination was able to induced smooth, rapid and good anaesthesia with analgesia within 11-30 minutes (mean ± S. D. = 21.1 ± 6.44 min). Time from complete immobilisation to recovery (walking) range from 157 ± 25.6 min (range = 124 – 186 min). No pedal pinch reflex was observed in all animals. The anesthetic depth and analgesia were reasonably adequate to conduct a physical examination and perform minor clinical procedures. There were no significant clinical adverse effects observed except for hypersalivation and frothing during the reversible period.

Download File


Download (2MB) | Preview

Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Veterinary Medicine
Publisher: Veterinary Association Malaysia
Keywords: Immobilisation; Anaesthesia; Tiletamine-zolazepam; Xylazine; Malaysian sun bear; Helarctos malayanus
Depositing User: Nabilah Mustapa
Date Deposited: 13 Apr 2016 05:28
Last Modified: 13 Apr 2016 05:28
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/42440
Statistic Details: View Download Statistic

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item