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Light reduction by regional haze and its effect on simulated leaf photosynthesis in a tropical forest of Malaysia


Citation

Tang, Yanhong and Naoki, Kachi and Akio, Furukawa and Awang, Muhamad (1996) Light reduction by regional haze and its effect on simulated leaf photosynthesis in a tropical forest of Malaysia. Forest Ecology and Management, 89 (1-3). pp. 205-211. ISSN 0378-1127; ESSN: 1872-7042

Abstract / Synopsis

The general level of haze has increased rapidly in tropical regions over the last decades. To reveal the effects of haze on tropical forest ecosystem, photosynthetic photon flux density (PFD) at the top of and within a tropical forest canopy was measured on days with and without visible haze, in the Pasoh Forest Reserve, Peninsular Malaysia. Total daily PFD at 40 m aboveground on hazy days was only about 50% of that on the days without visible haze. The reduction of PFD on hazy days was much larger at 50 cm aboveground within the forest. During the period with haze, the forest understory received few PFD higher than 50 μ mol photons m−2 s−1. Photosynthetic carbon gain was estimated to examine the potential effect of PFD extinction by haze. Under hazy conditions, the simulated net carbon gain, which included photosynthetic carbon gain of daytime and respiratory carbon loss at night, decreased to about −6 mmol CO2 m−2 for an ‘average’ shade leaf of understory plants. This marked decrease of leaf carbon gain might have important impacts on the growth and survival of understory plants, and therefore on the regeneration of tree species in the tropical forest.


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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Environmental Studies
DOI Number: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0378-1127(96)03849-2
Publisher: Elsevier
Keywords: Radiation; Regeneration; Sunflecks; Tropical ecosystem
Depositing User: Nabilah Mustapa
Date Deposited: 13 Apr 2016 13:08
Last Modified: 13 Apr 2016 13:08
Altmetrics: http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.1016/S0378-1127(96)03849-2
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/42389
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