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Antimycotic screening of 58 Malaysian plants against plant pathogens


Citation

Mohamed, Suhaila and Saka, Suzana and El-Sharkawy, Saleh Hassan and Ali, Abdul Manaf and Muid, Sepiah (1996) Antimycotic screening of 58 Malaysian plants against plant pathogens. Pesticide Science, 47 (3). pp. 259-264. ISSN 0031-613X

Abstract / Synopsis

Ethanolic extracts of 58 Malaysian plants belonging to 24 different families were screened for antifungal activity against seven plant pathogens using the filter paper disc diffusion technique. Two varieties of Piper betle, showed strong activity against all the pathogens tested (Colletotrichum capsici, Fusarium pallidoroseum, Botryodiplodia theobromae, Alternaria alternata, Penicillium citrinum, Phomopsis caricae-papayae and Aspergillus niger), with inhibition diameters significantly (P<0·01) bigger than 2·5 mg ml−1 prochloraz or 10 mg ml−1 clotrimazole. The minimum inhibitory concentrations of the ethanolic extracts of P. betle against these plant pathogens ranged between 0·01 mg ml−1 and 1 mg ml−1. Thirty-four other plants (Kucing gala, Limau batik, Bertholletia excelsa, Bixa orellana, Caesalpinia pulcherrima, Cerbera odollam (fruits and leaves), Colocasia gigantea, Curcuma domestica, Curcuma manga, Derris eliptica, Elephantopus scaber, Eleusine indica, Eugenia polyantha, Euphorbia hirta, Euphorbia tirucalli, Gardenia florida, Hedyotis auricularia, Hibiscus rosa-sinensis, Juniperus chinensis (three varieties), Lawsonia inermis, Lecythis ollaria, Mentha arvensis, Mimusops elengi, Ocimum sanctum, Phyllanthus niruri, Piper nigrum, Piperomia pellucida, Pedilanthus tithymaloides, Polygonum minus, Spondias dulcis, Solanum nigrum, Tinospora tuberculata) showed selective antifungal activity, while 21 species were inactive.


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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Food Science and Biotechnology
DOI Number: https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1096-9063(199607)47:3<259::AID-PS413>3.0.CO;2-N
Publisher: Society of Chemical Industry
Keywords: Antifungal; Piper betle; Plant pathogens; Malaysian plants
Depositing User: Nabilah Mustapa
Date Deposited: 13 Apr 2016 11:20
Last Modified: 13 Apr 2016 11:20
Altmetrics: http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.1002/(SICI)1096-9063(199607)47:3<259::AID-PS413>3.0.CO;2-N
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/42342
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