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Bifurcation/chaos and their practical relevance to chemical and biological systems


Elnashaie, Said Salah Eldin Hamed (2014) Bifurcation/chaos and their practical relevance to chemical and biological systems. Pertanika Journal of Science & Technology, 22 (2). pp. 337-364. ISSN 0128-7680; ESSN: 2231-8526


Bifurcation and chaos are important phenomena affecting many physical and chemical systems. They are also related to the stability/instability and multiplicity phenomena associated with these systems. The phenomena are not only of theoretical/mathematical interest but are also important for laboratory, pilot plant and commercial units. This paper concentrates on 3 systems: 1. The novel auto-thermic Circulating Fluidized Membrane Steam Reformer (CFBMSR) for the efficient production of the clean fuel hydrogen and which shows multiplicity of the steady state (static bifurcation). 2. A novel fermentor for the efficient production of bio-ethanol that shows static/dynamic bifurcation as well as chaotic behaviour. 3. The neurocycle of the acetylcholine transmitter in the brain using diffusion-reaction models in order to gain insight into their possible connection to Alzheimer and Parkinson Diseases (AD/PD); these are preliminary efforts to investigate the bifurcation and chaotic behaviour of this neurocycle.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
Publisher: Universiti Putra Malaysia Press
Keywords: Alzheimer and Parkinson Diseases (AD/PD); Bifurcation; CFBMSR; Chaos; Chemical/biological reaction engineering; Multiplicity; Neurocycle
Depositing User: Najah Mohd Ali
Date Deposited: 26 Nov 2015 07:17
Last Modified: 26 Nov 2015 07:17
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/40614
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