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Characterisation of a remineralising Glass Carbomer® ionomer cement by MAS-NMR spectroscopy


Zainuddin, Norhazlin and Karpukhina, Natalia and Law, Robert V. and Hill, Robert G. (2012) Characterisation of a remineralising Glass Carbomer® ionomer cement by MAS-NMR spectroscopy. Dental Materials, 28 (10). pp. 1051-1058. ISSN 0109-5641; ESSN: 1879-0097


Objectives: The purpose of this study was to characterize commercial glass polyalkenoate cement (GPC) or glass ionomer cement (GIC), Glass Carbomer®, which is designed to promote remineralization to fluorapatite (FAp) in the mouth. The setting reaction of the cement was followed using magic angle spinning nuclear magnetic resonance (MAS-NMR) spectroscopy. Methods: Glass Carbomer® initial glass powder and cements were subjected to 27Al, 31P, 19F and 29Si MAS-NMR analysis. X-ray powder diffraction (XRD) was employed to determine the presence of crystalline phases. Results: 27Al MAS-NMR showed the Al to be predominantly four coordinate, Al(IV), and the presence of Al–O–P species in the glass. The proportion of Al(IV) was reduced with setting reaction of the cement and significant amount of six coordinate Al, Al(VI), was found in the cement. The 31P MAS-NMR spectra showed clearly a decrease of the orthophosphate peak of apatite on initial setting. 19F MAS-NMR showed only a small fraction of FAp. 29Si MAS-NMR demonstrated the presence of largely Q4(2Al) in the glass which changed only little in the aged cement. Significance: This study also demonstrated how the setting reaction in Glass Carbomer® cement and other GICs can be followed by 27Al MAS-NMR examining the conversion of Al(IV) to Al(VI). Our data revealed that the apatite in this cement was not FAp but largely hydroxyapatite, which was partially consumed during the cement formation.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Science
DOI Number: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dental.2012.06.011
Publisher: Elsevier
Keywords: Glass ionomer cement; Setting reaction; MAS-NMR spectroscopy; Remineralization; Apatite; Dental material
Depositing User: Nabilah Mustapa
Date Deposited: 18 Sep 2015 04:29
Last Modified: 18 Sep 2015 04:29
Altmetrics: http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.1016/j.dental.2012.06.011
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/40453
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