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Hydrogen as an energy carrier: prospects and challenges


Mazloomi, Kaveh and Gomes, Chandima (2012) Hydrogen as an energy carrier: prospects and challenges. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 16 (5). pp. 3024-3033. ISSN 1364-0321; ESSN: 1879-0690

Abstract / Synopsis

This paper provides an insight to the feasibility of adopting hydrogen as a key energy carrier and fuel source in the near future. It is shown that hydrogen has several advantages, as well as few drawbacks in using for the above purposes. The research shows that hydrogen will be a key player in storing energy that is wasted at generation stage in large-scale power grids by off-peak diversion to dummy loads. The estimations show that by the year of 2050 there will be a hydrogen demand of over 42 million metric tons or 45 billion gallon gasoline equivalent (GGE) in the United States of America alone which can fuel up 342 million light-duty vehicles for 51 × 1011 miles (82 × 1011 km) travel per year. The production at distributed level has also been discussed. The paper also presents the levels of risk in production, storage and distribution stages and proposes possible techniques to address safety issues. It is shown that the storage in small to medium scale containers is much economical compared to doing the same at large-scale containers. The study concludes that hydrogen has a promising future to be a highly feasible energy carrier and energy source itself at consumer level.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
DOI Number:
Publisher: Elsevier
Keywords: Renewable energy; Hydrogen; Electrolysis; Energy conversion; Fuel
Depositing User: Nabilah Mustapa
Date Deposited: 17 Sep 2015 14:52
Last Modified: 17 Sep 2015 14:52
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