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Λ single particle energies


Usmani, Qamar N. and Bodmer, A. R. (1999) Λ single particle energies. Physical Review C: Nuclear Physics, 60 (5). art. no. 055215. pp. 1-16. ISSN 0556-2813; ESSN: 1089-490X

Abstract / Synopsis

The Λ single-particle energies BΛ of hypernuclei (HN) are calculated microscopically using the Fermi hypernetted chain method to obtain for our ΛN and ΛNN potentials the Λ binding D(ρ) to nuclear matter, and the effective mass m*Λ(ρ) at densities P≤ρ0 (ρ0 is normal nuclear density), and also the corresponding effective ΛN and ΛNN potentials. The Λ core-nucleus potential UΛ(r) is obtained by suitably folding these into the core density. The Schrödinger equation for UΛ and m*Λ is solved for BΛ. The fringing field (FF) due to the finite range of the effective potentials is theoretically required. We use a dispersive ΛNN potential but also include a phenomenological ρ dependence allowing for less repulsion for ρ<<ρ0, i.e., in the surface. The best fits to the data with a FF give a large ρ dependence, equivalent to an A dependent strength consistent with variational calculations of 5ΛHe, indicating an effective ΛNN dispersive potential increasingly repulsive with A whose likely interpretation is in terms of dispersive plus two-pion-exchange ΛNN potentials. The well depth is 29±1 MeV. The ΛN space-exchange fraction corresponds to m*Λ(ρ)≈0.75-0.80 and a ratio of ρ-to s-state potentials of ≈0.5±0.1. Charge symmetry breaking (CSB) is significant for heavy HN with a large neutron excess; with a FF the strength agrees with that obtained from the A = 4 HN. The fits without FF are excellent but inconsistent with the requirement for a FF, with 5ΛHe, and also with the CSB sign for A = 4.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Environmental Studies
DOI Number:
Publisher: American Physical Society
Keywords: Λ single-particle energies
Depositing User: Nabilah Mustapa
Date Deposited: 14 Sep 2015 16:28
Last Modified: 14 Sep 2015 16:28
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