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Removal of lead, cadmium and zinc by waste tea leaves


Tan, Wee Tee and Khan, Abd. Rahman Majid (1988) Removal of lead, cadmium and zinc by waste tea leaves. Environmental Technology Letters, 9 (11). pp. 1223-1232. ISSN 0143-2060

Abstract / Synopsis

The solid waste of commercially available tea leaves of local produce were found to be good sorbents of metal ions, especially Pb(II), Cd(II) and Zn(II) ions. The extent of adsorption depends on pH, ionic strength, metal concentration, substrate concentration, and the presence of interfering ions and surfactants. Among the various types of surfactants studied, cetyl trimethylammonium bromide severely hindered the metal uptake while Triton XlOO interfered mildly. Initial enhancement of Pb(II) and Zn(II) uptake was observed in the presence of small amount of sodium dodecyl sulphate. The enhancement effect decreased as the anionic surfactant concentration increased. Metal concentration dependence curves can be described by a Langmuir isotherm. Adsorption capacities of tea leaves were found to be 0.38, 0.28 and 0.18 mmole/g for Pb, Cd and Zn respectively.Column experiments revealed near 100% efficiency for metal removal of as much as 100 ppm Pb(ll) ion at pH 6, using 1.8 g waste tea leaves and flow rate of 25 ml/min. The relative affinities of metal ions towards waste tea leaves is in the order of Pb > Cd > Zn.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Environmental Studies
DOI Number:
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Keywords: Solid waste management; Tea; Waste water management; Adsorption
Depositing User: Nabilah Mustapa
Date Deposited: 27 Aug 2015 15:42
Last Modified: 27 Aug 2015 15:42
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