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Extraction and characterization of cellulose from durian rind


Penjumras, Patpen and Abdul Rahman, Russly and A. Talib, Rosnita and Abdan, Khalina (2014) Extraction and characterization of cellulose from durian rind. In: 2nd International Conference on Agricultural and Food Engineering (CAFEi 2014), 1-3 Dec. 2014, Berjaya Hotel, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. (pp. 237-243).


Cellulose was extracted from durian rind using delignification with acidic sodium chlorite then followed by mercerization with 17.5% (w/v) sodium hydroxide. Gas pycnometer indicated that density of extracted cellulose was 1.59 g/cm3. Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) confirmed the removal of non-cellulosic components. The micrograph by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) displayed non-fibrous components scattered over the surface of durian rind were removed. Most of cellulose presented a diameter and aspect ratio in the range of 100 - 150 μm and 20 - 25, respectively. In the future, cellulose from durian rind has a potential to be used as a reinforcement elements in composite materials.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
Faculty of Food Science and Technology
Halal Products Research Institute
DOI Number: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aaspro.2014.11.034
Publisher: Elsevier (Science Direct)
Keywords: Durian rind; Cellulose; Delignification; Mercerization; FTIR; SEM
Depositing User: Nursyafinaz Mohd Noh
Date Deposited: 09 Jul 2015 08:36
Last Modified: 13 Jul 2015 04:33
Altmetrics: http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.1016/j.aaspro.2014.11.034
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/39331
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