UPM Institutional Repository

Nitrate poisoning in cattle fed napier grass (pennisetum purpureum)


Seiler, R. J. and Sheikh Omar, Abdul Rahman and Salim, N. (1979) Nitrate poisoning in cattle fed napier grass (pennisetum purpureum). Kajian Veterinar, 11. pp. 10-13. ISSN 0047-309X


Nitrate poisoning resulting in the deaths of 5 of a group ofKedah-Kelantan breed cattle is described. The diet consisted solely of Napier grass {Pennisetum purpureurn) fed by a 'cut and carry' system. Levels of nitrate (N0₃-) in the toxic grass aueraged 28.3 mg/g with some samples as high as 44 ug/g while similar grass from 'noll-toxic' areas was 0.7 mg/g .Clinical signs included wealmess, .staggering gait, cyanosis and dyspnoea and necropsy showed the typical chocolate brown blood resulting from seuere methaemoglobinaemia. Treatment with 2 percent methylene blue reversed the clinical signs and prevented further deaths. The reasonsfor the high level of accumulation of nitrate in this Napier grass were not determined and so further inoestigation of nitrate levels in soils and pastures in Malaysia appears warranted

Download File

[img] PDF
aar 156 Nitrate Poisoningin Catle Fed Napier Grass.pdf
Restricted to Repository staff only

Download (277kB)

Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Veterinary Medicine
Universiti Pertanian Malaysia
Publisher: Persatuan Doktor Veterinar Malaysia
Keywords: Nitrate poisoning; Cattle; Napier grass
Depositing User: Azhar Abdul Rahman
Date Deposited: 09 Jul 2015 00:53
Last Modified: 09 Jul 2015 00:54
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/39009
Statistic Details: View Download Statistic

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item