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Options for crop establishment techniques in lowland rice cultivation: transplanting vs direct seeding


Citation

Islam, Md. Syedul and Ahmad, Desa (1999) Options for crop establishment techniques in lowland rice cultivation: transplanting vs direct seeding. In: National Conference on Engineering Smart Farming for the Next Millenium, 14-16 Mar. 1999, UPM, Serdang, Selangor. .

Abstract / Synopsis

Experiments were conducted to determine the field and economic performances of machines and techniques for crop establishment in lowland paddy available in Bangladesh. The work rate of random seeding by hand was found to be approximately 100 times faster than that of hand transplanting. On the other hand, machine seeding was 10 times faster than machine transplanting. The partial budget analysis implied that a shift from manual transplanting to manual seeding incurred a net loss of US$30 per hectare. On the other hand, shifting from machine transplanting to machine seeding, the net loss was found to be US$27 per hectare. The partial budget analyses between mechanised and manual systems for transplanting showed a net benefit of US$13 per hectare. However, in the case of direct seeding, shifting from manual to the mechanised system earned a net benefit of US$53 per hectare. For crop establishment in lowland paddy, shifting from transplanting to seeding practice is not economically attractive to the farmers of Bangladesh at the present level of labour wage. However, shifting from traditional to the mechanised practice for transplanting and seeding operations were found profitable with the minimum uses of 1.8 ha and 0.3 ha respectively.


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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
Publisher: Universiti Putra Malaysia
Keywords: Crop establishment techniques; Lowland rice cultivation; Transplanting; Direct seeding; Bangladesh
Depositing User: Azian Edawati Zakaria
Date Deposited: 16 Jun 2015 16:23
Last Modified: 02 Nov 2017 10:25
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/38753
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