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Assessment of municipal solid waste generation in Universiti Putra Malaysia and its potential for green energy production


Citation

Zulkifli, Ahmad Aiman and Mohd Yusoff, Mohd Zulkhairi and Abd Manaf, Latifah and Zakaria @ Mamat, Mohd Rafein and Roslan, Ahmad Muhaimin and Ariffin, Hidayah and Shirai, Yoshihito and Hassan, Mohd Ali (2019) Assessment of municipal solid waste generation in Universiti Putra Malaysia and its potential for green energy production. Sustainability, 11 (14). art. no. 3909. pp. 1-15. ISSN 2071-1050

Abstract

The global waste generation keeps increasing over the years and it requires innovative solutions to minimize its impacts on environmental quality and public health. A strategic plan must be ascertained to overcome the future challenges of Municipal solid waste (MSW) locally and globally. Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM) coined an initiative to demonstrate a showcase pilot plant for green energy production from MSW. The data was obtained from the survey and actual sampling within the UPM compound shows that UPM has generated 5.0–7.0 t/d of MSW generated consist of 30–35% organic fraction. Restaurants are the main source of the organic fraction. Upon separation, the organic fractions were digested into biogas. At a maximum conversion of the organic fraction, 715 kWh of electricity might be generated from the 2.2 t/d of organic waste generated in UPM. In this study, organic components from UPM were proposed to be subsequently used as a substrate via anaerobic digestion to produce green energy in the form of electricity or flammable fuels.


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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Biotechnology and Biomolecular Sciences
Faculty of Environmental Studies
Institute of Tropical Forestry and Forest Products
DOI Number: https://doi.org/10.3390/su11143909
Publisher: MDPI
Keywords: Anaerobic digestion; Biogas; Green energy; Municipal solid waste; Organic waste
Depositing User: Nabilah Mustapa
Date Deposited: 04 May 2020 16:17
Last Modified: 04 May 2020 16:17
Altmetrics: http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.3390/su11143909
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/38321
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