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Drought resistance in rice from conventional to molecular breeding: a review


Abisola, Oladosu Yusuff and Yusop, Mohd Rafii and Chibuike, Chukwu Samuel and Fatai, Arolu and Magaji, Usman and Kareem, Isiaka and Kamarudin, Zarifth Shafika and Muhammad, Isma'ila and Kolapo, Kazeem (2019) Drought resistance in rice from conventional to molecular breeding: a review. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 20 (14). art. no. 3519. pp. 1-21. ISSN 1661-6596; ESSN: 1422-0067


Drought is the leading threat to agricultural food production, especially in the cultivation of rice, a semi-aquatic plant. Drought tolerance is a complex quantitative trait with a complicated phenotype that affects different developmental stages in plants. The level of susceptibility or tolerance of rice to several drought conditions is coordinated by the action of different drought-responsive genes in relation with other stress components which stimulate signal transduction pathways. Interdisciplinary researchers have broken the complex mechanism of plant tolerance using various methods such as genetic engineering or marker-assisted selection to develop a new cultivar with improved drought resistance. The main objectives of this review were to highlight the current method of developing a durable drought-resistant rice variety through conventional breeding and the use of biotechnological tools and to comprehensively review the available information on drought-resistant genes, QTL analysis, gene transformation and marker-assisted selection. The response, indicators, causes, and adaptation processes to the drought stress were discussed in the review. Overall, this review provides a systemic glimpse of breeding methods from conventional to the latest innovation in molecular development of drought-tolerant rice variety. This information could serve as guidance for researchers and rice breeders.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Agriculture
Institute of Tropical Agriculture and Food Security
DOI Number: https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms20143519
Publisher: MDPI
Keywords: Abiotic stress; Drought tolerance; Transgenic; QTL; Markers assisted selection; Crop improvement
Depositing User: Nabilah Mustapa
Date Deposited: 04 May 2020 16:14
Last Modified: 04 May 2020 16:14
Altmetrics: http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.3390/ijms20143519
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/38304
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