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Bio-resin production through ethylene unsaturated carbon using vegetable oils


Ab. Latif, Farah Ezzah and Zainal Abidin, Zurina and Cardona, Francisco and Awang Biak, Dayang Radiah and Abdan, Khalina and Md. Tahir, Paridah and Liew, Kan Ern (2020) Bio-resin production through ethylene unsaturated carbon using vegetable oils. Processes, 8 (1). art. no. 48. pp. 1-15. ISSN 2227-9717


Bio-resins are bio-based materials derived from vegetable resources, especially from vegetable seed oils. It is widely known that bio-resources are renewable, highly available, and sustainable. Resins and most polymers are largely derived from petroleum-based sources that are known to pose chemical risks. Resins have practical applications in printing inks, plasticisers and diluents, as well as in coating materials. Vegetable oils possess a large number of oxirane groups, which are essential for epoxidation to occur, resulting in the production of bio-resins. This undeniably serves as a promising candidate for competing with fossil-fuel-derived petroleum-based products. Thus, the aim of this review paper is to highlight aspects related to the production of bio-resins, including the chemical route of vegetable oil epoxidation process and its influencing factors, the reaction kinetics, bio-resins and the physico-chemical and mechanical properties of bio-resins, along with their applications. The resins industry has seen some remarkable progress towards the commercialisation of several bio-resins originating from vegetable oils, such as soybean oil, castor oil, and linseed oil. This success has undoubtedly intensified further efforts in fields related to bio-resin applications. Research and development is ongoing with the aim of customising a feasible formulation for the synthesis of bio-resins with the desired properties for catering to various applications.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
Institute of Tropical Forestry and Forest Products
DOI Number: https://doi.org/10.3390/pr8010048
Publisher: MDPI
Keywords: Bio-resins; Vegetable oil; Epoxy; Epoxidation; Bio-products; Bio-fuel
Depositing User: Nabilah Mustapa
Date Deposited: 03 May 2020 23:05
Last Modified: 03 May 2020 23:05
Altmetrics: http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.3390/pr8010048
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/38186
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