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The morphology, physiology and biochemical changes in Oryza sativa planted under cyclic water stress with different potassium input


Mohd Zain, Nurul Amalina and Ismail, Mohd Razi and Mahmood, Maziah and Puteh, Adam (2014) The morphology, physiology and biochemical changes in Oryza sativa planted under cyclic water stress with different potassium input. In: Malaysia International Biological Symposium 2014, 28-29 Oct. 2014, Putrajaya, Malaysia. (p. 334).


Four levels of potassium rates (Control, 80 kg K2O/ha, 120 kg K2O/ha and 160 kg K2O/ha) and two types of potassium (KCl and K2SO4) were exposed to rice to investigate the influence of potassium fertilization in minimizing the impact of cyclic water stress in rice production. It was observed that panicle dry weight/hill, root dry weight, rice yield, Catalase activity, proline, maliondialdehyde and harvest index were influenced by potassium rates. The leaf numbers, total tillers and 1000-grain weight, was influenced by potassium types. Interaction effects (potassium rate x potassium type) was observed in shoot dry weight, leaf area, total spikelet/ panicle, net assimilation rate, transpiration rate and instantaneous water use efficiency. It was found as fertilization rates increased from 80<120<160 kg K2O/ha, the production of proline was increased. The increases of proline production was simultaneously enhanced the production of Catalase and malondehyde (MDA). Proline have a significant positive correlationship with Catalase (r2 =0.891; p≤0.05) and maliondialdehyde (r2 = 0.912; p≤0.05). As the potassium rate increased from 80>120>160 kg K2O /ha the transpiration rate was observed to be increased in both MOP and K2SO4. The result suggested that high potassium rates would reduce water stress effects by having high transpiration rate. The study has showed that application of potassium fertilizer would minimize the effects on rice growth and physiology under cyclic water stress condition.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Divisions: Faculty of Agriculture
Faculty of Biotechnology and Biomolecular Sciences
Institute of Tropical Agriculture
Publisher: Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Universiti Putra Malaysia
Keywords: Cyclic water stress; Potassium; Physiology; Biochemical changes
Depositing User: Nabilah Mustapa
Date Deposited: 14 Apr 2020 14:18
Last Modified: 14 Apr 2020 14:18
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/38065
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