UPM Institutional Repository

Effect of food additives on deoxynivalenol (DON) reduction and quality attributes in steamed-and-fried instant noodles


Moazami, F. E. and Selamat, Jinap and Mousa, Wael and Hajeb, Parvaneh (2014) Effect of food additives on deoxynivalenol (DON) reduction and quality attributes in steamed-and-fried instant noodles. Cereal Chemistry, 91 (1). pp. 88-94. ISSN 0009-0352; ESSN: 1943-3638


The effect of food additives reduction on quality attributes in steamed-and-fried instant noodles was investigated. Three additives, l-ascorbic acid, l-cysteine, and sodium bisulfite, were evaluated for their effect on deoxynivalenol (DON) reduction and sensory acceptability of instant noodles. After screening the different concentrations of three food additives, the maximum reduction of DON was optimized for the following concentration ranges: l-ascorbic acid, 0–100 μg/g; l-cysteine, 0–300 μg/g; and sodium bisulfite, 0–200 μg/g. The experimental results were fitted to a second-order polynomial model, which gave a coefficient of determination (R2) of 0.987. The results indicated that the overall optimal condition resulting in the maximum DON reduction in instant noodles was obtained at the following combined level: sodium bisulfite, 167 μg/g; l-cysteine, 254 μg/g; and l-ascorbic acid, 23 μg/g. The sensory evaluation of noodles with the optimal condition of additives showed that the overall acceptability was in the range of “like slightly” and was not significantly (P > 0.05) different from the control sample. The optimized protocol produced a mixture that can reduce DON in instant noodles up to 67%. Modifying the processing of instant noodles by using additives may be useful to reduce the risk of DON exposure via instant noodles.

Download File

PDF (Abstract)
Effect of food additives on deoxynivalenol.pdf

Download (186kB) | Preview

Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Food Science and Technology
Institute of Tropical Agriculture
DOI Number: https://doi.org/10.1094/CCHEM-12-12-0174-R
Publisher: AACC International
Keywords: Food additives; Steamed-and-fried instant noodles; deoxynivalenol (DON)
Depositing User: Nabilah Mustapa
Date Deposited: 26 Jun 2015 05:10
Last Modified: 06 Oct 2015 04:10
Altmetrics: http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.1094/CCHEM-12-12-0174-R
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/37248
Statistic Details: View Download Statistic

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item