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Dynamic behaviour of Cd2+ adsorption in equilibrium batch studies by CaCO3 --rich Corbicula fluminea shell


Ismail, Farhah Amalya and Aris, Ahmad Zaharin and Abdul Latif, Puziah (2014) Dynamic behaviour of Cd2+ adsorption in equilibrium batch studies by CaCO3 --rich Corbicula fluminea shell. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 21 (1). pp. 344-354. ISSN 0944-1344; ESSN: 1614-7499


This work presents the structural and adsorption properties of the CaCO3 −-rich Corbicula fluminea shell as a natural and economic adsorbent to remove Cd ions from aqueous solutions under batch studies. Experiments were conducted with different contact times, various initial concentrations, initial solution pH and serial biosorbent dosage to examine the dynamic characterization of the adsorption and its influence on Cd uptake capacity. The characterization of the C. fluminea shell using SEM/EDX revealed that the adsorbent surface is mostly impregnated by small particles of potentially calcium salts. The dominant Cd adsorption mechanism is strongly pH and concentration dependent. A maximum Cd removal efficiency of 96.20 % was obtained at pH 7 while the optimum adsorbent dosage was observed as 5 g/L. The Langmuir isotherm was discovered to be more suitable to represent the experimental equilibrium isotherm results with higher correlation coefficients (R 2 > 0.98) than Freundlich (R 2 < 0.97). The correlation coefficient values (p < 0.01) indicated the superiority of the Langmuir isotherm over the Freundlich isotherm.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Environmental Studies
DOI Number: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-013-1906-4
Publisher: Springer
Keywords: Adsorption isotherms; Heavy metal; Calcium carbonate; Cadmium; Adsorption mechanism
Depositing User: Nabilah Mustapa
Date Deposited: 06 Aug 2015 23:58
Last Modified: 18 Sep 2015 02:09
Altmetrics: http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.1007/s11356-013-1906-4
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/37172
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