UPM Institutional Repository

A Modified Technique for Measuring Shrinkage of Clay Soils


M. I., Tariful and Wan Harun, Wan Sulaiman and D., Ahmad (1999) A Modified Technique for Measuring Shrinkage of Clay Soils. Pertanika Journal of Tropical Agricultural Science, 22 (1). pp. 25-32. ISSN 1511-3701


The American Society for Testing and Materials D427 and D4943 methods for volumetric shrinkage were modified using sand, a non-toxic natural material, instead of mercury and wax respectively. The modified method (sand) was compared with the D427 (mercury) and D4943 (wax) methods for measuring volumetric and linear shrinkage. The sand method gave similar results as the mercury and wax methods for shrinkage of samples of three clay soils taken from three different depths. There was no significant difference between the three methods used to measure the shrinkage. Therefore the sand method is a useful alternative because it is environmentally friendly, safe and cheaper to use compared to the mercury and wax methods.

Download File


Download (3MB)

Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Agriculture
Publisher: Universiti Putra Malaysia Press
Keywords: Shrinkage; Volume change; Soil; Mercury; Wax; Sand; Modified technique
Depositing User: Nasirah Abu Samah
Date Deposited: 01 Dec 2009 03:05
Last Modified: 07 Sep 2015 04:57
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/3714
Statistic Details: View Download Statistic

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item