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Development of kenaf-glass reinforced unsaturated polyester hybrid composite for structural applications


Afdzaluddin, Atiqah and Abdul Maleque, Mohammad and Jawaid, Mohammad and Iqbal, M. (2014) Development of kenaf-glass reinforced unsaturated polyester hybrid composite for structural applications. Composites Part B: Engineering, 56. pp. 68-73. ISSN 1359-8368; ESSN: 1879-1069


The main aim of this paper is to develop kenaf-glass (KG) fibres reinforced unsaturated polyester hybrid composite on a source of green composite using sheet moulding compound process. Unsaturated polyester resin (UPE) and KG fibres in mat form were used at a ratio of 70:30 (by volume) with treated and untreated kenaf fibre. The kenaf fibre was treated with 6% sodium hydroxide (NaOH) diluted solution for 3 h using mercerization method. The hybrid composites were tested for flexural, tensile and Izod impact strength using ASTM D790-03, ASTM D618 and ASTM D256-04 standards respectively. The highest flexural, tensile and impact strength were obtained from treated kenaf with 15/15 v/v KG fibres reinforced UPE hybrid composite in this investigation. Scanning electron microscopy fractography showed fibre cracking, debonding and fibre pulled-out as the main fracture mode of composites and kenaf treated 15/15 v/v KG reinforced hybrid composite exhibited better interfacial bonding between the matrix and reinforcement compared to other combinations.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Institute of Tropical Forestry and Forest Products
DOI Number: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compositesb.2013.08.019
Publisher: Elsevier
Keywords: A. fibres; A. hybrid; B. debonding; D. fractography
Depositing User: Nabilah Mustapa
Date Deposited: 20 Jun 2015 07:53
Last Modified: 24 Aug 2015 08:15
Altmetrics: http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.1016/j.compositesb.2013.08.019
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/37073
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